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The Convention for Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international legally-binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity; sustainable use of biodiversity; and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Its overall objective is to encourage actions which will lead to a sustainable future.

In 2010 Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, a ten-year framework for action by all countries and stakeholders to safeguard biodiversity and the benefits it provides to people. As part of the Strategic Plan 20 ambitious but realistic targets, known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, were adopted.  Governments have committed to establishing national targets in support of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The development of national targets and their incorporation into updated National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) is a key process in fulfilling the commitments set out in the Strategic Plan. National Biodiversity Strategies Action Plans reflect how a country intends to fulfill the objectives of the CBD and the concrete actions it intends to take.

The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity is comprised of:
The vision—“By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”
The mission—“Take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planet’s variety of life, and contributing to human well-being, and poverty eradication. To ensure this, pressures on biodiversity are reduced, ecosystems are restored, biological resources are sustainably used and benefits arising out of utilization of genetic
resources are shared in a fair and equitable manner; adequate financial resources are provided, capacities are enhanced, biodiversity issues and values mainstreamed, appropriate policies are effectively implemented, and decision-making is based on sound science and the precautionary approach.”


The Strategic Plan For BioDiversity incorporates the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

 Vision of the Plan “By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”
Aichi Targets - By 2020...

 What are our goals for the future?


Strategic Goal A: Mainstream Biodiversity

Target 1: People are aware of biodiversity and what they can do to conserve it.

Target 2: Biodiversity is integrated into the planning strategies and accounting of nations and local regions.

Target 3: Socio-economic incentives, such as subsidies, are shifted from environmentally harmful areas to areas protecting biodiversity.

Target 4: Governments, businesses and people have taken steps towards sustainable production within ecological limits.


Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressure on biodiversity and promote sustainable use

Target 5: Rate of loss of natural habitats is significantly reduced.

Target 6: Aquatic ecosystems are managed sustainably

Target 7: Agriculture, aquaculture and forestry and managed sustainably

Target 8: Pollution is brought to ecologically safe limits

Target 9: Invasive alien species are controlled, managed and prevented.

Target 10: Anthropogenic pressures on vital and vulnerable ecosystems are minimized. (2015)



Strategic Goal C: Ecosystems, species and genetic diversity are safe-guarded

Target 11: Aquatic ecosystems are managed and protected.

Target 12: Extinction of species is prevented, and the status of threatened species is improved and sustained.

Target 13: The genetic diversity of cultivated and domestic species is protected.



Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Target 14: Ecosystems that provide essential and valuable services are restored and safe-guarded.

Target 15: The contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks is enhanced, to contribute to climate change mitigation.

Target 16: The "Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization" is operational (2015).



Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

Target 17: Each party has a national strategy and action plan (2015)

Target 18: Indigenous and local knowledge in relation to biodiversity is respected and integrated.

Target 19: Science and technology related to biodiversity are improved and applied.

Target 20: Financial resources are mobilized to assist in implementation of the Strategic Plan.





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